By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the United States continued an endless firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined via as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this gorgeous new publication, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main giant act of genocide within the historical past of the world.
Stannard starts with a portrait of the big richness and variety of existence within the Americas sooner than Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and imperative and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard unearths that anywhere Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, usually leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative resolution: Christians. Digging deeply into historical ecu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and conflict, he unearths the cultural flooring organized by way of the tip of the center a long time for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in areas proceed to wage-against the hot World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's certain to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yankee Holocaust drew at the similar ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Additional resources for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
Other canals carried water over distances of more than 20 miles. 19 The general lingering fame of these societies, however, rests predominantly on B E F ORE C O LU M B U S 25 their extraordinary artistry, craftsmanship, and architectural engineering from fine and delicate jewelry and pottery to massive housing complexes. Among the numerous outstanding examples of southwest architectural achievement are the Chacoan communities of the San Juan Basin in Colo rado and New Mexico, within the Anasazi culture area.
They inhabit the realm of the 'etc. ' " 25 Once the natives have thus been banished from col lective memory, a� least as people of numerical and cultural consequence, the settler group's moral and intellectual right to conquest is claimed to be established without question. As Frantz Fanon once put it: "The colonial ist . . reaches the point of no longer being able to imagine a time occur- BEFORE C O LUMBUS 15 ring without him. His irruption into the history of the colonized people is deified, transformed into absolute necessity.
And yet, enormous as these deposits are-testifying to extraordinary concentra tions of population�thnohistorical and archaeological evidence indicates that shellfish were not a major component of the Calusa diet. 29 Far to the north of the Calusa and the hundreds of other cultural cen- 28 AMERICAN H O LOCAU ST ters in what today are Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Kentucky, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, re sided the Tuscarora, the Pamlico, the Secotan, the Nottaway, the Weape meoc, the Meherrin, the Powhatan, the Susquehannock, and the Dela ware-to just begin a list that could be multiplied many times over.
American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard