By Louis F. Burns
Strains four hundred years of Osage tradition from prehistoric instances to the group's present prestige as an formally famous tribe.Osage conventional lands can be found in mid-continental the United States encompassed through the present-day states of Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma. significant waterways via those lands and the defensible terrain of the Ozark variety supplied the tribe a unique virtue in prehistoric and early old instances. A warlike humans, the Osage lengthy encroached on neighboring tribal lands, in particular these of the Caddo to the southwest. but sturdy traditional obstacles and centuries of good fortune in struggle afforded the tribe little virtue in makes an attempt to stop Euro-American westward enlargement. 3 significant routes to the West—the Missouri and Arkansas Rivers and the Continental Trail—crossed Osage land, so clash with the newbies was once inevitable.Louis Burns attracts on ancestral oral traditions and study in a extensive physique of literature to inform the tale of the Osage humans. He writes truly and concisely, from the Osage point of view. First released in 1989 and for a few years out of print, this revised variation is augmented through a brand new preface and maps. due to its masterful compilation and synthesis of the recognized information, A historical past of the Osage humans remains to be the simplest reference for info on an immense American Indian people.Louis F. Burns, of Osage-French-Scottish background, is a member of the Mottled Eagle extended family and writer of six books, together with Symbolic and ornamental paintings of the Osage humans.
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Additional info for A History of the Osage People
31 All the earth below the branches was covered with still water. After some time, O pon Tun ka (Big Elk) came to their aid. Four times he threw himself upon the still waters until the soil of the earth appeared. Big Elk then called for the four winds, the breath of Wa kon ta, to come dry the land. He called ¤rst the wind of the rising sun. Then he called loudly over the lands of the earth for the cedar wind (north wind). He called for the wind from sundown and the warm winds of the south. Once the winds were gathered, the Elk endowed them with the breath of life and commanded them to blow over the earth.
36 All the Little Old Men agreed that Man of Mystery was a desirable person, so he was invited to join them and he was promised the ¤nished shrine would be given to his keeping. With this invitation and promise, Man of Mystery descended and alit on the ridgepole of the House of Mysteries. Almost immediately there was another terrifying noise outside the door. As the messenger threw aside the door ®ap, there stood a huge enraged buffalo bull. ” 37 Terri¤ed, the Ancient Men threw the sacred emblems toward the angry bull.
This and their institutions made the Osages a force that shaped the history of the American West. For over one hundred years, they blocked the westward expansion of the European powers. As late as 1800, they still had the military power to destroy all European settlements on the Middle Waters. Even after they were over- You are reading copyrighted material published by the University of Alabama Press. S. Copyright law is illegal and injures the author and publisher. For permission to reuse this work, contact the University of Alabama Press.
A History of the Osage People by Louis F. Burns