By Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen
Vaeakau-Taumako, often referred to as Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this is often a space of significant linguistic range and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic scenario.
Historically, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made exchange voyages through the zone, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages. The latter languages are just distantly on the topic of Vaeakau-Taumako, making up an just recently pointed out first-order subgroup of Oceanic. Polynesian audio system first arrived within the zone a few 700-1000 years in the past from the center Polynesian parts to the east. whereas at the present time so much intra-group verbal exchange happens in Solomon Islands Pijin, usually the location used to be certainly one of wide multilingualism, and this has left profound lines within the grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako, which indicates a few structural houses no longer recognized from different Polynesian languages.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako is the main complete grammar of any Polynesian Outlier thus far, and the 1st full-length grammar of any language of Temotu Province. in response to large fieldwork, it's dependent as a reference grammar facing all features of language constitution, from phonology to discourse association, and together with a range of glossed texts. will probably be of curiosity to typologists, Oceanic linguists, and researchers drawn to language touch.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako
A great deal of sometimes unpredictable alternation is a characteristic feature of Vaeakau-Taumako phonology. Basic word order is SV /AVO. deviating from that found in most Polynesian languages. which tend to be verb-initial; however. the same order is found in several other Outliers. including Anuta. Sikaiana. and Futuna-Aniwa (Feinberg 1977. Donner 1987. Dougherty 1983). A basic accusative morphosyntactic alignment can be established. though it is complicated by a number of ergative or ergative-like traits such as the indication of plurality of S and 0 by reduplication on the verb.
Aka) lehiu -lohiu 'ship" (TAU lehiu, VAE lehiullohiu, NUP lohiu, cf. 4. u- i This alternation is attested in 7 words. The u alternants are diachronically the original forms; the i forms are mostly TAU. 5. Other vowel alternations Several other alternations are found only in one or two words. The following are attested in our corpus: 19 Probably a borrowing from Aiwoo, which has the classifying prefix be- for baskets. The vowel alternation in this form may reflect the allomorphs ki-lku- of the Aiwoo imperfective aspect prefix.
2. Aspiration Aspiration is a characteristic feature of Vaeakau-Taumako phonology. Phonetically, aspiration is usually strong and clearly audible. Nevertheless, Vaeakau-Taumako aspirated consonants present a rather confusing picture for phonological analysis. There is a lot of dialectal and idiolectal variation, and in most contexts the aspirated phonemes have an alternative unaspirated pronunciation. " (Ray 1920: 77). 36 Phonology Not only may phonologically aspirated consonants lose their aspiration without any apparent conditioning factors; unaspirated consonants may also be aspirated for emphasis.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako by Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen