By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time via over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in accordance with complementary rules: to investigate Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in the sort of means that the heritage info important for knowing each one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. for this reason, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic procedures of Mam is through an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in examining a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and as a result it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
B'etzl jilch b'aq- 'wilted' b'aq- 'pull up (plants)' chit- 'broadcast' chit- 'sow broadcast' 'open, divided' jaq- 'uncap, open' jet'- 'placed, small load' jet'- 'carry small loads' 'stretched out, of an animal; 'face up' pak'- 'carry face up' unoccupied, the position, form, or state described by the root' are de rived through the suffix -ee7 txal- Transitive: pak'- Intransitive verbs with the meaning 'be or be placed in tutz'- Positional: 'placed in the position of a toad' of a person who does no community work' paq- basic meaning of the root: jaq- Examples: Transitive verb roots which have the 'lying down' , sitting' 'to one side' ~ -eeb'.
If a related adjective is used instead, the structure of the sentence is different different position in the noun phrase (chapter 5), The num ber one functions as an indefinite article, and the number 84 ROOTS AND WORDS ROOTS AND WORDS 85 two functions as an indefinite plural. The numbers in Mam are: roots which function as affect words with no derivation or inflection; other affect words are derived from positional juun 1 jun1aaj 11 wiinqan juun 21 and verb roots (see chapter 4). 2). llaaj 14 jwe7 5 olaaj 15 ventions which go with certain types of actions.
Follows a vowel fi 'my zapote' 'zapote' is inserted L 46 MORPHOPHONEMICS MORPHOPHONEMICS between the two vowels. suffix -~ aq'neet of the suffix is anyone of the five short vowels, in agree Whether the strategy used is synthe sization or y insertion is morphologically conditioned. 4 ment with the root vowel: The 'passive' requires synthesization: tx'~n~j 'work (passive)' from aq'naa- + -eet p£tz£ja- t~n. :~j 'package (verb)' 'a lot' There are a few exceptions to the harmony; Which vowel will be suppressed in synthesization seems to de pend in part on a morphological hierarchy and in part on lexi only example I have found for cal factors.
A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language by Nora C. England