By Steven J. Oatis
In 1715 the upstart British colony of South Carolina was once approximately destroyed in an unforeseen clash with lots of its Indian friends, such a lot significantly the Yamasees, a gaggle whose sovereignty had develop into more and more threatened. The South Carolina defense force retaliated again and again until eventually, by means of 1717, the Yamasees have been approximately annihilated, and their survivors fled to Spanish Florida. The conflict not just despatched surprise waves all through South Carolina's executive, financial system, and society, but additionally had a profound effect on colonial and Indian cultures from the Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi River.Drawing on a various diversity of colonial files, A Colonial advanced builds on contemporary advancements in frontier background and depicts the Yamasee warfare as a part of a colonial advanced: a large trend of alternate that associated the Southeast’s Indian, African, and ecu cultures through the past due 17th and early eighteenth centuries. within the first particular learn of this important clash, Steven J. Oatis exhibits the consequences of South Carolina’s competitive imperial enlargement at the problems with frontier alternate, strive against, and international relations, viewing them not just from the point of view of English South Carolinians but in addition from that of the societies that handled the South Carolinians either at once and ultimately. Readers will locate new details at the deerskin exchange, the Indian slave alternate, imperial competition, frontier army technique, and the foremost variations within the cultural panorama of the early colonial Southeast. (20060223)
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Additional resources for A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730
Florida’s reputation as a depot for “incorrigible” slaves from Cuba, along with the memory of black and mulatto soldiers who had participated in the 1686 raid on Port Royal, did little to ease the minds of South Carolina slave owners. 82 Anxieties over the rising slave population and the perceived instability of the southern borderlands helped lead to a tighter clampdown on African slaves in South Carolina, as instituted in the colony’s 1696 slave code. ” 83 To this way of thinking, a frightened slave on the run was tantamount to a bloodthirsty insurrectionary.
Following the expeditions and failed settlements of the early and mid-sixteenth century, the Spanish managed to crush some tentative French outposts in the 1560s and establish more tenable enclaves of their own, most notably at Saint Augustine on the Atlantic coast. Their new colony of Florida, which appeared to possess few exploitable resources, seemed destined to play the role of poor sibling to Spain’s other, more proﬁtable American possessions. In 1565 King Philip II acknowledged that Florida’s only value to the empire would lie in protecting Caribbean shipping lanes from Dutch, French, and English pirates.
Most of the southeastern groups that traded with the Spanish lived far enough from areas of colonial settlement that they did not have to worry about intruders foisting undesired objects on them. They could afford to be selective, and the things they picked out and brought back home with them were usually things they could use. Nevertheless, trade with Europeans was becoming increasingly important to the Southeast’s Indian societies, many of which began to go to greater and greater lengths to increase their shares.
A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730 by Steven J. Oatis